Medical Science

Editors' TakeMedical Science



One thing that has taken the whole world by storm and brought a pause to everyone’s life is a coronavirus. The number of cases and the death toll is increasing day by day. We all need to come together to win the fight against coronavirus. There is no vaccine or treatment available yet to deal with the virus. So, in this scenario, the ideal way to deal with it is social distancing and isolation. Apart from that, some other measures should be kept in mind to win the fight against coronavirus.



The importance of handwashing can’t be stressed upon enough. Forget the way you used to wash hands till now and learn the right way to do it. The majority of the population doesn’t know the right way to wash their hands. They should be washed for 20 seconds with adequate soap and water following the steps given in the picture. If alcohol-based sanitizer is being used then also follow the same steps.


It has been observed that the severity of the virus is more in the persons who are suffering from any co-morbid conditions like Diabetes or are immunocompromised. It is necessary to boost your immunity so that the body can fight with the virus. As advised by the Ministry of AYUSH, some measures to do so are – a) Drinking warm water throughout the day. b) Practicing Yoga, Pranayam, and meditation. c) Using spices like Haldi (turmeric), garlic while cooking. d) Taking essential vitamins like Vitamin C to boost your immunity.


In a study, it has been found that the virus can stay on surfaces for certain hours. According to it, it stays on copper for 4 hours, on cardboard for 24 hours, and on plastic or steel for up to 72 hours. So, whenever you go out to get your essentials, try not to touch anything and once you are back home disinfecting your mobile and everything. Any article that comes from outside should first be disinfected. The fruits and vegetables should also be thoroughly washed.


The main mode of transmission of the virus is through respiratory droplets and surface contact. So, use your elbow or tissue while you are coughing or sneezing. Don’t use your hands as you can infect other surfaces and also you can touch own face with them. Use a mask if you are having a cough. It is one of the symptoms of the disease but alone not a very important one.


In a study, it has been seen that a person touches his face 23 – 26 times per hour. As the virus spread through respiratory droplets or by surface contact, so if you touch something infected and then touch your face with the same hands then the virus can enter the respiratory tract through the nose. So, it is important to take care and not to touch your face at all.

*cover image source: World Health Organisation

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Editors' TakeMedical ScienceTechnology

PM Modi encouraged the download of Aarogya Setu APP, Experts raise privacy concerns.

Aarogya setu, Covid-19, App, India, Corona Virus

Aarogya Setu app that was launched in March of 2020 to tackle the community spread of pandemic COVID-19, was encouraged to be downloaded by Prime Minister Narendra Modi when the addressed the nation on Tuesday. The app enable contact tracing using smartphone location and Bluetooth have crossed of 5 million installs in just 3 days of its launch. Since the app is using smartphone’s GPS and Bluetooth to identify the potential spread of infection, it can be used by used to exactly trace the location of the user and the app asks to allow the location tracking even in the background.

“Download the Aarogya Setu mobile app to help prevent the spread of [the] corona infection. Inspire others to download the app as well,” said Prime Minister Narendra Modi while addressing the nation.

This was not the first time when Prime Minister has encouraged the download of Aarogya Setu app. He even posted on social media a few days back, the link to download the app for both Android and IOS devices.

Additionally, the Aarogya Setu app download has been promoted by various commercial banks by sending a text message to their customers urging them to download the app that has been developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC). The initial push helped the app to be downloaded over 5 million times from the time it was launched. As tweeted by the Program Director of Frontier Technologies at NITI Aayog, earlier on Tuesday, the app crossed the mark of 40 million active users within two weeks of its launch.

The Aarogya Setu app was also praised by World Bank and similar app is being developed by Singapore to place same limit on the community spread od Covid-19 pandemic. Apart from all the good this app bring, the way Aarogya Setu works has raised a lot of privacy concerns. The India division of the New York City-based Software Freedom Law Center ( said that Aarogya setu collects sensitive personal data such as a person’s gender and travel information that it stores in the cloud.

Nonetheless, as per the latest mention by the Prime Minister on India, the app will boost in downloads as we saw in the past, with Coronavirus Whatsapp chatbot that crossed over 1.7 crore users in the short period of 10 days of its launch.

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Editors' TakeMedical Science


Artificial Intelligence, E-PatientsFuture of Medicine, Future, Future of Pharma, Genomics, Health Sensors & Trackers, Medicine

One field that has seen a drastic change over the years is medicine. 3D printed body parts, gene technology, artificial intelligence and a lot more – the future is truly upon us. Medical breakthroughs are being made every day over the globe. 

Here is a list of the ten most profound medical innovations that are going to change the future.

1.    Artificial Intelligence.

In this age of technology, artificial intelligence knows no bounds. AI is saving and changing lives today. It is not intended to displace clinicians or clinical judgment but it serves to enhance the interaction between patient and doctor. Its application is in image analysis, decision support and patient triage. Decision support systems quickly decipher the huge amount of data present in the Electronic medical record. It highlights the problem areas on the image scans and helps in the correct diagnosis of the problem. It also reduces the huge load of the already overworked physicians by asking patients a series of questions about their symptoms. With AI integration it will be about working smarter and finding solutions.

2.    Advancement in Immunotherapy for cancer treatment. 

Immunotherapy is the use of the body’s own immune system to fight with cancer. The market for immunotherapeutic drugs has seen an unprecedented number of FDA approvals. One of the most notable advancement is of joint therapy. In patients with metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, joint therapy has been incredibly effective. Also, there is an integration of immunotherapy with chemotherapy. Another innovation involves the use of engineered T cells. With discoveries every day, there is hope that treatment will soon be available for all the tumor profiles.

3.    3D printing to make patient-specific products.

Utilizing this technology, medical devices are now being matched to the exact specification of the patient leading to greater acceptance by the patient’s body, greater comfort. Some noteworthy applications include external prosthetics, cranial/orthopedic implants and customized airway stents for the diseases which narrow the airway. Another application is the printing of the normal anatomy of humans and providing vidual aid in surgical planning. 3D printing with its wide applications has now become a trendsetter in customizing patient care.

4.    Robotic surgery.

An extension of the physician’s hand, robotic surgery provides pinpoint accuracy. Using a controller like an interface, this technology increases safety while decreasing invasiveness, recovery time and pain after the surgery. Robotization is also reaching the endovascular procedures like a percutaneous coronary intervention to the spinal surgeries. With continued advancement in the field, surgeries performed will be the shortest and least invasive with time.

5.    RNA based therapies 

Similar to DNA based technology, RNA based therapy is the newest innovation and it has shown great potential. By interfering with genetic data at the RNA level, the scientists can obstruct the genetic abnormality before it is translated into non-functioning proteins. This is being explored in a variety of rare genetic diseases like Huntington’s disease, familial hypercholesterolemia, age-related retinitis. RNA based technology is opening windows for progress in therapeutics.

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